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176,873 Registered Members as of 10/13/2019.
SonoWorld Lectures
 
Ultrasound Lectures
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The speaker discusses the experience of a Radiology resident-initiated solution to enhance resident’s ultrasound rotation and make it more beneficial.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to recognize issues that affect resident learning, list precipitating factors that increase residents’ workload and review the solution initiated by a Radiology resident to enhance the ultrasound rotation. X
Keywords
Keywords :
Radiology residency, Radiology resident, X

The speaker discusses pleural imaging and artifacts.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to assess cardiogenic pulmonary edema and recognize and interpret ultrasound pleural artifacts. X
Keywords
Keywords :
A line artifact, B line artifact, cardiogenic pulmonary, CCM, Critical care medicine, E line artifact, edema, interstitial lung thickening, lung comet artifact, lung comets, lung ultrasound, pleural effusion, pneumonia, pneumothorax, quad sign, reverberation artifact, seashore sign, shred sign, sinusoid sign, stratosphere sign, Z line artifact, X

The speaker discusses imaging of pelvic floor pathology.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review normal sonographic anatomy of the female pelvis using the transperineal approach, recognize the sonographic appearance of suburethral slings and mesh, identify abnormal sonographic conditions which may cause urinary dysfunction and recognize the sonographic appearance of post-operative complications after surgery for pelvic floor disorders. X
Keywords
Keywords :
3DUS, cystocele, dyspareunia, Kegel maneuver, kit, maneuver, pelvic floor disorders, pelvic organ prolapse, PFD, POP, rectocele, rectum, retropubic tape sling, stress urinary incontinence, SUI, symphysis pubis, transobturator tape sling, transperineal US, transvaginal US, urethra, urethral diverticulum, urethral sling, urethral-vaginal fistula, urinary bladder funneling, uterine prolapse, vagina, vaginal mesh, valsalva, X

The speaker discusses advances in liver elastography.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant will be able to list new technologies available in liver elastography and better recognize how liver stiffness values can be affected by population, etiology and other factors and identify techniques used to perform a proper liver elastography exam. X
Keywords
Keywords :
2 dimensional shear wave elastography, 2D SWE, acoustic radiation force pulse, ARFI, chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, compensated, decompensated cirrhosis, fatty liver, Glisson's capsule, HCC, HCV, hep C, hepatic congestio, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis C, Hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinoma, kilopascal, kPa, liver biopsy, Liver capsule, liver elastography, liver fibrosis, LIVER, m/s, meters per, NASH, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, point shear wave elastography, portal hypertension, P-SWE, pulse, second, shear wave elastography, stiffness, SWE, X

The speaker discusses how color Doppler is useful in GU sononography.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review why the resistive index is a nonspecific marker of renal dysfunction, recognize how twinkling artifact is dependent on several machine parameters such as overall gain and PRF and review how color Doppler can be used to identify ureteral jets. X
Keywords
Keywords :
acute kidney injury, AKI, artifact, caliectasis, chronic kidney disease, CKD, color Doppler, genitourinary ultrasound, hydronephrosis, kidney stone, medulla, pelviectasis, peristalsis, renal calculi, renal cortex, renal ultrasound, Renal, resistive index, RI, spectral Doppler, Stone, tardus parvus waveform, Twinkling, UPJ, ureteral jets, Ureteral, ureteropelvic junction, ureterovesical junction, urinary bladder cancer, urinary bladder stones, urinary bladder, UVJ, X

Harris L. Cohen, MD, FACR
Pediatric Abdomen Emergencies
LectureId : 4193 | Released On : 05/06/2019 | Time : 17 min
Topics Covered: The vomiting neonateFemale with RLQ painLeft kidney cystic mass
The speaker discusses the use of ultrasound in the pediatric patient with acute abdominal pain.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to recognize abnormalities of the pediatric abdomen that are important to not be missed, can be diagnosed by ultrasound and have important differential considerations that can also be diagnosed by ultrasound. X
Keywords
Keywords :
appendicitis, appendicolith, appendix, color Doppler, Crohn’s disease, cul de sac fluid, duodenal atresia, duodenal stenosis, hemorrhagic ovarian cyst, HPS, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, intestinal malrotation, lower pole, mesenteric vein, moiety, ovarian torsion, pediatric ultrasound, Pelvic Ultrasound, pylorospasm, renal duplication, SMA, SMV, superior mesenteric artery, superior, ureterocele, volvulus, whirlpool sign, X

Harris L. Cohen, MD, FACR
Pediatric Abdomen Emergencies
LectureId : 4193 | Released On : 05/06/2019 | Time : 17 min
The speaker discusses the use of ultrasound in the pediatric patient with acute abdominal pain.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to recognize abnormalities of the pediatric abdomen that are important to not be missed, can be diagnosed by ultrasound and have important differential considerations that can also be diagnosed by ultrasound. X
Keywords
Keywords :
appendicitis, appendicolith, appendix, color Doppler, Crohn’s disease, cul de sac fluid, duodenal atresia, duodenal stenosis, hemorrhagic ovarian cyst, HPS, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, intestinal malrotation, lower pole, mesenteric vein, moiety, ovarian torsion, pediatric ultrasound, Pelvic Ultrasound, pylorospasm, renal duplication, SMA, SMV, superior mesenteric artery, superior, ureterocele, volvulus, whirlpool sign, X

The speaker discusses the methods and results of assessing neonatal gestational age using transcerebellar measurements via the transmastoid fontanelle.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review the protocol used in measuring the cerebellum via the transmastoid fontanelle and list some weaknesses in this method. X
Keywords
Keywords :
Ballard exam, GA, gestational age, neonatal neurosonography, pediatric ultrasound, transcerebellar measurement, transmastoid fontanelle, X

The speaker discusses the use of ultrasound on the International Space Station.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review how ultrasound can aid in the diagnosis of adverse effects of prolonged exposure to zero gravity, especially in Spaceflight Associated Neuro-ocular Syndrome (SANS) and discuss future application of ultrasound in space. X
Keywords
Keywords :
Doppler, endometrium, ocular ultrasound, SANS, Spaceflight Associated Neuro-ocular Syndrome, TRANSCRANIAL, transvaginal ultrasound, TVUS, X

Using case presentation format, the speaker discusses not so common vascular diagnoses.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to recognize the sonographic presentation of invasive angiomyolipoma, differentiate renal vein thrombosis from other renal vascular anomalies and review the sonographic presentation of celiac axis compression syndrome. X
Keywords
Keywords :
angiomyolipoma, aorta, arterio-, AVF, CCA occlusion, celiac artery, celiac axis compression syndrome, color Doppler, Fournier's gangrene, inferior vena cava, intratesticular varicocele, invasive angiomyolipoma, IVC, median arcuate ligament, Nutcracker, power Doppler, renal angiomyolipoma, renal vein thrombosis, renal vein, RVT, SMA, spectral Doppler, superior mesenteric artery, syndrome, Takayasu’s arteritis, thrombus, venous malformation, X

The speaker discusses managing incidental renal masses.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to understand some interesting facts about renal cancer biology and recognize the <1cm renal lesions that should be ignored. X
Keywords
Keywords :
AML, angiomyolipoma, arterio-venous fistula, AVF, benign renal lesion, pseudoaneurysm, RCC, renal cell cancer, renal cyst, renal ultrasound, X

The speaker reviews the results of MSK ultrasounds performed with a 24 MHz transducer.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able review case examples and recognize how the 24 MHz transducer significantly made a difference in patient diagnosis. X
Keywords
Keywords :
MSK ultrasound, musculoskeletal ultrasound, rotator cuff, SMI, Superb Microvascular Imaging, X

The speaker discusses breast diagnoses that may require emergent intervention.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to identify breast lesions that may require immediate or urgent intervention, recognize leave-me-alone lesions, distinguish puerperal vs. non-puerperal abscesses and describe methods of US-guided percutaneous aspiration and drainage of breast abscesses. X
Keywords
Keywords :
aberrations of normal development and involution, abscess, ANDI, breast abscess, breast ultrasound, Cooper’s ligaments, ductal ectasia, epidermal, galactocele, inclusion syst, inflammatory carcinoma, lactational, major, mastitis, Mondor’s disease, Mondor's syndrome of superficial thrombophlebitis, percutaneous aspiration, postlactational involution, sebaceous cyst, sonomammography, suspensory ligaments. pectoralis, X

The speaker discusses normal anatomy as well as common pathologies of the peripheral nerves.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to describe the ultrasound appearance of normal peripheral nerves, list the findings associated with nerve entrapment and describe pitfalls one may encounter when scanning nerves for entrapment. X
Keywords
Keywords :
aconeus epitrochlearis, anisotropy, bifid median nerve, carpal ligament, Carpal tunnel syndrome, compression, Cubital tunnel syndrome, cyst, elbow, ganglion cyst, Guyon’s canal, intraneural ganglion, medial epicondyle, median nerve, median, metatarsal head, Morton’s neuroma, nerve entrapment, nerve sonography, nerve ultrasound, nerve, notch sign, peroneal nerve, persistent median artery, PIN, posterior interosseous nerve entrapment, radial nerve, schwannoma, snapping, ulnar nerve entrapment, ulnar nerve subluxation, ulnar nerve, ulnar neuropathy, X

The speak discusses the appearance of post-operative change in the MSK system as well as common post-operative complications.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review the expected post-operative appearances of joints, tendons and ligaments as well as review post- operative complications such as tendon re-tear, infection and nerve injury. X
Keywords
Keywords :
anterior talofibular ligament tear, biceps brachii tendon, biceps tendon tenodesis, biceps tendon, carpal tunnel, De Quervain, extensor hallucis, flexor hallucis, gossypiboma, nerve entrapment, nerve transposition, radial nerve, rotator cuff tear, rotator cuff ultrasound, shoulder arthroplasty, Tenosynovitis, textiloma, tibialis posterior tear, total hip arthroplasty, transection neuroma, ulnar nerve, ulnar, Wartenberg syndrome, X

The speaker offers helpful hints for scrotal ultrasound.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review the vascular anatomy of the testis and how it helps in performing and interpreting Doppler, recognize the normal and abnormal vas deferens, understand the appearance and importance of the grey-scale findings in testicular torsion and list a differential diagnosis for incidental non-palpable intratesticular masses and solid extratesticular masses. X
Keywords
Keywords :
bell clapper deformity, color Doppler, epididymis, hydocele, orchitis, scrotal ultrasound, SCROTUM, spectral Doppler, TESTES, testicular artery, testicular mediastinum, testicular torsion, testis, transmediastinal artery, transmediastinal vein, vas deferens, whirlpool sign, X

Mark A. Kliewer, MD
Doppler Features, Pitfalls and Artifacts
LectureId : 4169 | Released On : 02/24/2019 | Time : 27 min
Topics Covered: Doppler equationPitfalls
The speaker discusses methods for spectral, color and power Doppler optimization.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review the Doppler equation and list pitfalls in Doppler optimization, such as Doppler angle, aliasing and spectral broadening. X
Keywords
Keywords :
aliasing, angle, boundary layer, center stream sampling, color Doppler, color gain, color, Doppler equation, Doppler gate, Doppler shift, Doppler, eddy currents, flow reversal, helical flow, laminar flow, non-laminar flow, Nyquist limit, power Doppler, PRF, pulse repetition frequency, sample volume gate, Scale, separation, spectral broadening, spectral Doppler gain, spectral Doppler, velocity scale, vessel wall discrimination, wall filter, wall motion, X

The speaker discusses the spectrum of common and uncommon fetal, neonatal and pediatric neck masses.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review the normal anatomy of the pediatric neck, list some techniques to aid in scanning the pediatric population, offer a differential diagnosis for pediatric neck masses, and recognize the sonographic features of inflammatory processes, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. X
Keywords
Keywords :
CDH, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, congenital hypothyroidism, congenital pyriform sinus fistula, ectopic thyroid, fetal chest, fetal heart, fetal oropharynx, fetal thymus, fibromatosis colli, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, hyoid bone, lymphatic malformation, pediatric thymus, pediatric thyroid gland, pediatric ultrasound, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, SRU, sternocleidomastoid muscle, suppurative thyroiditis, thyroglossal duct cyst, thyroid cancer, thyroid goiter, thyroid isthmus, thyroid nodules, thyroid teratoma, X

The speaker discusses criteria used to effectively diagnose thyroid carcinoma.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to correctly classify echogenic foci, correctly classify mixed cystic and solid nodules and identify subtle marginal features concerning for malignancy. X
Keywords
Keywords :
color Doppler, comet tail artifact, cystic papillary thyroid carcinoma, echogenic foci, extra-thyroidal extension, fine needle aspiration, FNA, irregular margins, macrolobulated margins, microcalcifications, microlith, microlobulated margins, papillary thyroid carcinoma, psammoma body calcospherites, PTC, reverberation artifact, spiculated margins, thyroid biopsy, thyroid cancer, thyroid ultrasound, X

The speaker discusses the various types of hernias and how to diagnose them.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review symptoms and presentations of hernias, recognize the difference between femoral, direct, indirect and Spigelian hernias, recognize what a sports hernia is and how to identify it by ultrasound and identify methods to reduce anisotrophy. X
Keywords
Keywords :
anisotrophy, athletica pubalgia, direct hernia, femoral artery, femoral hernia, femoral vein, hernia neck, hernia, Hesselbach’s triangle, incarcerated hernia, incisional hernia, indirect hernia, inferior epigastric artery, inguinal ligament, non-reducible hernia, reducible hernia, round ligament, spermatic cord, spigelian hernia, sports hernia, strangulated hernia, symphysis pubis, testicualr infarct, umbilical hernia, val salva maneuver, X

The speaker presents cases where CEUS played a critical role in making the diagnosis.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant will be able to recognize how CEUS is helpful in diagnosing infections such as pyelonephritis and liver abscess, review the vascular applications of CEUS such as PVT and carotid body tumor and discuss the sonographic appearance of CEUS in trauma scenarios, such as pseudoaneurysm and splenic laceration. X
Keywords
Keywords :
CCA, CEUS, color Doppler, common carotid artery, contrast enhanced ultrasound, IJV, internal jugular vein, kidney laceration, liver abscess, liver laceration, Lumason®, PARATHYROID, portal vein thrombosis, pseudoaneurysm, PVT, pyelonephritis, RAS, Renal Artery Stenosis, Seminoma, splenic laceration, testicular infarct, thyroid cancer, thyroid carcinoma, X

Dr. Grant imparts his vast knowledge of CEUS to help get programs started in other U.S. institutions
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review the principles of ultrasound contrast agents, recognize billing and CPT codes for ultrasound contrast agents and list tips to optimize your contrast images. X
Keywords
Keywords :
CEUS, contrast enhanced ultrasound, DEFINITY®, Lumason®, microbubbles, signal to noise ratio, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, SRU, X

Using a case-based approach the speaker discusses masses found in the neck that are not thyroidal in origin.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to understand the ultrasound appearance of common and recognizable masses in the neck using case-based approach with CT/MR pathology correlation and review the entities that may mimic a neck mass, including carotid artery aneurysm and jugular vein thrombosis. X
Keywords
Keywords :
branchial cleft cyst, carotid artery aneurysm, carotid body tumor, epidermoid cyst, jugular vein thrombosis, lipoma, lymphadenopathy, neurofibroma, neurogenic tumor, paraganglioma, schwannoma, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, SRU, terminal portion thoracic duct, thyroglossal duct cyst, thyroid pyramidal lobe, X

The speaker discusses sonographic imaging of hemodialysis fistulas and grafts.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review ultrasound’s role in monitoring hemodialysis fistulas and grafts, discuss how to measure the flow volume of the fistula or graft, discuss management of fistulas that fail to mature and list complications commonly seen in patients with dialysis fistulas and grafts. X
Keywords
Keywords :
arterial steal, basilic vein, brachial artery, Brescia-Cimino fistula, cephalic vein, distal revascularization and interval ligation, DRIL procedure, fistula stenosis, Gore Hybrid graft, graft stenosis, radial artery, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, SRU, X

The speaker discusses pertinent obstetrical measurements and the role they play in assessing fetal well-being.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to list the uses for obstetrical measurements, including estimated gestational weight and estimated fetal weight, review guidelines for assigning gestational age, list criteria for both definitive and suspicious early pregnancy failure and recognize aneuploidy markers such as dilated renal pelves, thickened nuchal fold and nasal bone length. X
Keywords
Keywords :
abdominal circumference, abdominal diameter, AC, AFI, amniotic fluid index, aneuploidy, biparietal diameter, BPD, cerebral lateral ventricles, cervical funneling, cervical length, chromosomal abnormality, color Doppler, corrected BPD, CRL, crown rump length, Down syndrome, early pregnancy failure, EFW, embryonic heart rate, estimated fetal weight, femur length, fetal anemia, fetal biometry, fetal heart rate, fetal renal pelves, FL, GA, gestational age, HC, head circumference, hydocephalus, intrauterine growth restriction, IUGR, macrosomia, MCA, mean sac diameter, middle cerebral artery, nasal bone, nuchal fold, nuchal translucency, obstetrical ultrasound, occipital-frontal diameter, OFD, oligohydramnios, placenta previa, polyhydramnios, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, spectral Doppler, SRU, trisomy 13, trisomy 18, trisomy 21, umbilical artery, ventriculomegaly, yolk sac diameter, X

The speaker discusses sonographic evaluation of liver transplants.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review the surgical technique of liver transplants, recognize sonographic techniques for evaluating liver transplants and list complications commonly seen in liver transplants, such as hepatic artery thrombosis and biliary stricture. X
Keywords
Keywords :
AV fistula, AVF, BCS, bile leak, biliary cast syndrome, biliary ischemia, biliary necrosis, biliary stricture, cadaveric liver transplant, CBD, Cholangitis, color Doppler, common bile duct, HA, HAT, hepatic artery hypoperfusion syndrome, hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm, hepatic artery spasm, hepatic artery stenosis, hepatic artery thrombosis, hepatic artery, hepatic vein thrombosis, hepatofugal, hepatopetal, inferior vena cava, ischemic cholangiopathy, IVC stenosis, IVC thrombosis, left portal vein, left hepatic artery, LHA, liver transplant, living donor liver transplant, LPV, main hepatic artery, main portal vein, MHA, MPV, OLT, orthotopic liver transplants, PCS, portal vein steal, portal vein stenosis, portal vein thrombosis, portal vein, post transplant lymphoproliferative disorder, primary sclerosing cholangitis, PTLD, PVT, recurrent PCS, resistive index, RHA, RI, right portal vein, right hepatic artery, RPV, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, spectral Doppler, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, splenic artery steal syndrome, SRU, tardus parvus waveform, X

The speaker leads a discussion on how to correctly image and interpret challenging carotid ultrasounds.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to recognize sonographic characteristics of fibromuscular dysplasia, review methods to accurately diagnose disease contralateral to an ICA occlusion, recognize how to Doppler through calcified plaque and properly identify anatomic landmarks to identify vertebral arteries. X
Keywords
Keywords :
Bernoulli’s equation, carotid stenosis, carotid ultrasound, CCA, color Doppler aliasing, color Doppler, common carotid artery, Doppler angle, ECA, EDV, end diastolic velocity, external carotid ultrasound, fibromuscular dysplasia, FMD, ICA, internal carotid artery, NASCET criteria, Peak systolic velocity, post stenotic turbulence, PSV, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, spectral Doppler aliasing, spectral Doppler, SRU, tardus parvus waveform, tortuous ICA, X

During this lecture the speaker discusses nerve entrapment.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review the normal anatomy of peripheral nerves, identify the sonographic findings in nerve entrapment and list the causes of nerve entrapment. X
Keywords
Keywords :
aconeus epitrochlearis, bifid median nerve, calcaneus, Carpal tunnel syndrome, common peroneal nerve entrapment, Cubital tunnel syndrome, denervation, ganglion cyst, medial epicondyl, median nerve, Morton neuroma, nerve compression, nerve entrapment, olecranon, paralabral cyst, peroneal nerve, radial tunnel syndrome, snapping triceps syndrome, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, SRU, superficial peroneal nerve entrapment, supinator syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, tibial nerve, ulnar nerve, ulnar tunnel syndrome, Wartenberg syndrome, X

During this lecture the speaker discusses the anatomy and pathology of the salivary glands.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant should be able to review the anatomy of the parotid and submandibular glands, recognize the sonographic appearance of Sjogren syndrome, offer a differential diagnosis for cystic lesions in the salivary glands and finally list malignant features of a parotid mass X
Keywords
Keywords :
acinic cell carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, core biopsy, cystadenolymphoma, ECA, external jugular vein, facial nerve, fine needle aspiration, FNA, ICA, IJV, internal carotid artery, internal jugular vein, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, parotid metastasis, parotid ultrasound, pleomorphic adenoma, retromandibular vein, salivary gland ultrasound, sialolithiasis, Sjogren syndrome, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, SRU, Stensen’s duct, vertebral arter, Warthin’s tumor, Wharton’s duct, X

The speaker discusses endometrial phases as well as endometrial pathology.
Learning Objectives
Learning Objectives :
Upon completion of this educational activity the participant will be able to review the phases of the endometrium, describe normal endometrial findings in post-menopausal patients and recognize the advantages of 3D sonohysterography as well as HyCoSy X
Keywords
Keywords :
3 dimensional ultrasound, 3D sonohysterogram, 3D sonohysterography, 3DUS, bicornuate uterus, CERVIX, color Doppler, endocervical canal, endometrial biopsy, endometrial canal, endometrial cancer, endometrial cysts, endometrial fluid, endometrial polyp, endometrium, HyCoSy, hysterosalpingocontrast sonography, intrauterine device, invasive endometrial cancer, IUD, mullerian duct anomalies, myometrium, posterior cul de sac, septate uterus, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, SRU, submucosal fibroid, T shaped uterus, tamoxifen, trilaminar endometrium, unicornuate uterus, uterine didelphys, uterine fibroid, uterine scar, uterine synechiae, uterus, X