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Articles » Central nervous system

2003-03-24-12 Craniorachischisis © Izquierdo


Luis A Izquierdo, MD

Division of Ultrasound, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136

Case report:

This is a fetus with craniorachischisis. The following findings can be recognized:

  • Anencephaly (Absent or hypoplastic skull vault)
  • Iniencephaly (Intact cranial vault except for an occipital bone defect, brain is present, predominant lesion is in the cervical spine)
  • Imperforated anus
  • Large diaphragmatic hernia
  • Protrusion of lung and intestine through thoraco-lumbar defect
  • Ventricular septal defect

Sonographic findings:

Face tilted upward
Base of cranium is tight against the shoulders
Retroflexion of the head
Open spine defect extending from the spine downward along the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine








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