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Articles » First trimester » Abnormal early pregnancy
2007-01-29-12 Cystic hygroma, Turner syndrome © Cuillier

Cystic hygroma, Turner syndrome 

Fabrice Cuillier, MD*, Dhuyme B, MD**, Riviere JP, MD***.


Department of Gynecology, Felix Guyon Hospital, 97400 Saint- Denis, Reunion Islands, France; tel.: 0262 90 55 22; fax: 0262 90 77 30;


Gynecologist, Moufia’s street, 97440 Saint Denis, Reunion Islands, France;


Department of Anatomy and Pathology, Felix Guyon Hospital, 97400, Saint Denis, Reunion Islands, France.


Case report

A 30-year-old G2P1 with no harmful environment or drug exposure, scanned at 13th week of pregnancy. We discovered a cystic hygroma (NT>8 mm), dilated jugular lymphatic sacs, perithoracic and periabdominal edema, and abnormal flat facial profile. An amniocentesis discovered Turner syndrome (45, X0). The same day the patient underwent a spontaneous miscarriage.

Images 1, 2. Sagittal plane through nuchal region (left) showing striking nuchal edema (cystic hygroma); transverse plane at the level of cervical spine showing dilated jugular sacs and hygroma colli (right).


Images 3, 4. 2D transverse plane through thorax (left) showing anasarca; 3D image showing cystic hygroma (right).



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